I am wondering if there are any good sources for the scope and effect. I was interviewed by a Danish radio channel and I must admit that it was difficult for me to say much in that respect.
The proposal for the directive says that “not-for-profit online encyclopedia” and makes an exception. To me it is clear that the lawmakers have had Wikipedia in mind, – and thanks for that. But there are several issue:
- Would Wikipedia be characterized as not-for-profit when the typical license is the Creative Commons with no clause for the non-commercial?
- Would Wikimedia Commons fall in under the “not-for-profit online encyclopedia”? Some of my photos are used in commercial online news sites which makes at least Wikimedia Commons commercial in some sense. I wouldn’t characterize Wikimedia Commons as an encyclopedia, but rather as a media archive.
- What is the scope with respect to other Wikimedia sites, Wikiquote, Wikibooks, Wikiversity, Wikisource, Wikivoyage and possibly others? It seems to me that yet again there is an issue, – as I would not characterize them as encyclopedias.
- What other site are likely to be hit by either Article 15 or Article 17? For instance, Wikia, Referata, Soundcloud, Reddit, Bandcamp, WordPress, 500px.com? Referata, I imagine, is under 10 mio Euro but over 3 years and hit? Reddit would be hit by both articles? Soundcloud Article 17? (Back in June 2018, WordPress noted their concern: https://transparency.automattic.com/2018/06/12/were-against-bots-filtering-and-the-eus-new-copyright-directive/ Reddit has this Wednesday published an article https://redditblog.com/2019/03/20/error-copyright-not-detected-what-eu-redditors-can-expect-to-see-today-and-why-it-matters/
Are we able to say something about the possible outcomes we would see if the directive proposal is approved, for instance:
- Large 10+ mio Euro companies, particularly Google by their ownership of YouTube, regularly paying rights organizations to address Article 17?
- Large parts of YouTube not being available to Europeans?
- Twitter and Facebook stop showing snippets from linked sites?
- European newspapers paying Twitter and Facebook to display snippets in Twitter and Facebook?
- Twitter and Facebook paying European newspapers to allow the display of snippets?
- Websites such as Soundcloud needing to implement advanced copyright detection systems for audio?
- Some American Web 2.0 companies blacklisting access from Europe?
- Widespread implementation of identity verifications in Web 2.0 systems?
- Widespread implementation of plagiarism-like detection on Web 2.0 platforms where users may not be able to upload content, even if it is legal?
- Google using Article 17 against Facebook wrt. freebooting? See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7tA3NNKF0Q (via YourWeirdEx@reddit)
- Small Internet forum owners needing to subscribe to the services of upload filter service providers?
- Google News shutting down in Europe? See https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/18/google-news-may-shut-over-eu-plans-to-charge-tax-for-links